Former school board member turned Assemblymember Megan Dahle (R-Bieber) is using her past experience as a trustee of Big Valley Joint Unified School District, a small school district in Lassen County, to author key bills aiming to address the specific needs of rural and frontier schools.
The first, Assembly Bill 2337, will define Frontier School Districts in the California Education Code in alignment with federal grant requirements as school districts that have annual average daily attendance of less than 600 students and are located in a county with a population of less than 10 persons per square mile.
This will ensure these small, rural school districts receive recognition for the distinct challenges they face compared to larger, urban districts. These include low student enrollment, inadequate financial resources, mixed grade levels in classrooms, difficulty recruiting qualified teachers and unrealistic one-size-fits-all approaches to education policy and funding that often overlook the needs of the state’s rural communities.
The second bill, AB 2364, will ensure that these school districts receive proper recognition, representation and guidance through the establishment of a Rural Education Task Force, which could help rural districts access and spend federal grant money, provide them with a critical voice and expertise in policy discussions at the state level, and allow for a stronger connection between small districts and the California Department of Education. CSBA is seeking an amendment that would add a student perspective to the task force, in much the same way students serve on the State Board of Education and school district and county boards of education.
“As a former school board member in a very rural school district, I was frequently presented with problems unlike those faced by larger urban school districts,” Dahle said. “Too frequently education policy is applied in a ‘one-size-fits-all’ manner. California is the most diverse state in the union and policies need to consider the state’s diversity of geography and demographics.”
CSBA’s support of rural schools continues
At the federal level, CSBA has worked closely with the National Forest Counties and Schools Coalition over the last few years to reauthorize the Secure Rural Schools program, and advocated for multi‐year reauthorization and full funding of the Federal Payment in Lieu of Taxes (PILT) Act.
President Joe Biden and the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Forest Service on April 15 announced an investment of more than $238 million to support public schools, roads and other municipal services through the Secure Rural Schools Program (SRS), which will deliver payments to 742 eligible counties in 41 states and Puerto Rico. California will receive nearly $30 million for 39 counties and the school districts within those counties that are impacted by federal forest lands. The program was reauthorized for fiscal years 2021 through 2023 by the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law. For schools in forest counties, the SRS has restored programs for students in rural schools and has prevented the closure of numerous isolated rural schools. It has been a primary funding mechanism to provide rural school students with educational opportunities comparable to suburban and urban students. Nationally, more than 4,400 rural schools receive SRS Title I funds.
“California’s small and rural school districts have long faced extensive resource and opportunity gaps — deficits they’ve overcome to some degree thanks to the ingenuity of trustees, school staff and families,” said CSBA CEO & Executive Director Vernon M. Billy. “Still, it’s clear that our small and rural school deserve so much more. CSBA will continue to uplift the efforts of small and rural local educational agencies to secure the funding, resources and support needed to provide every student with a high-quality education no matter how remote their locale.”
Congress has also enacted the Federal PILT, which provides federal payments to local governments to help offset losses in property taxes due to nontaxable federal lands within local governments’ boundaries. Federal PILT helps local governments provide firefighting and police protection, construction of public schools and roads and search and rescue operations. For schools, these funds can only be used for construction, whereas SRS funds can be used for any educational purpose.
Additional CSBA resources spotlighting small and rural district needs and successes:
- California Schools magazine feature: “The rural reality: A call for a focused effort on challenges and needs”
- Governance brief: The California School Dashboard and Small Districts
- Blog post: Two district perspectives on COVID-19 closures for small and rural districts
- Blog post: How one rural California district is tackling student suicide prevention
- Blog post: Lessons learned from rural counties working to improve STEM instruction